What is Title I? It’s part of the federal government’s entry to the school in your neighborhood. It actually refers to a portion of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act, a law that was first enacted in 1965 during the Great Society’s “War on Poverty.” Since then it has been rewritten several times, mostly recently in 2002, under the name you’ve probably heard of: No Child Left Behind. There are actually 10 titles within NCLB. Here’s a very brief review of the law, which you can find on the website of the U.S. Department of Education. .
Very high overview of NCLB
NCLB, printed out as an Adobe Acrobat file, is 670 pages. Here’s a very high overview.
Pages 1 to 15: The preliminaries
- Section 1: The short title of this law is “No Child Left Behind.” That’s ALL that is in section 1.
- Section 2: This contains the table of contents, and it’s printed on pages 1 and 2.
- Section 3, “References”: This single paragraph makes it clear that the law will spend a lot of tlaking about the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) of 1965.
- Section 4, “Transitions,” is made up of 3 paragraphs that talk about money and the change from the previous edition of the ESEA.
- Section 5, Effective date: 4 paragraphs, describing the effective dates of various portions of the law.
- Section 6 contains a much more extensive table of contents than what is given in section 2. It runs for 12 pages, and takes us to page 15.
Pages 15 to 670: The substance
There are 10 “Titles” in the law, though not all are equally important. To take one simple measurement, Title I runs for 181 pages while Title 9 is only 9 pages.
- Title 1: This is the heart of the law, and source of so much grief for school districts. It’s the part about testing, “Adequate Yearly Progress,” annual testing, achievement gaps, and so forth. It starts on page 15.
- Title 2: This is about money and programs for recruiting teachers and principals. It starts on page 196.
- Title 3: Title 3 concerns money for bilingual education and schooling for students who don’t speak English as a native language. It starts on page 265.
- Title 4: This title addresses school safety, drugs in schools, and “21st Century Schools.” It starts on page 310.
- Title 5: Title 5 contains directions about how schools that fail to meet academic targets are supposed to allow some parental choice (such as it is). It starts on page 352.
- Title 6: Deals with money for federally required tests, drug-free schools, and educational technology. It is called “Flexibility and accountability,” and starts on page 449.
- Title 7: Title 7 allocates funding for the education for American Indian, Native Hawaiians, and Native Alaskans. This section starts on page 483.
- Title 8: The subject of this section is federal impact aid, largely, money for districts with many children of military personnel. It starts on page 523.
- Title 9: “General provisions” deal largely with social questions such as prayer in school and access to schools by the Boy Scouts of America and military recruiters. It starts on page 532.
- Title 10: Deals with corrections and changes to other, related programs. This starts on page 562.
NCLB and Charter Schools
SEC. 5201. PURPOSE.
SEC. 5202. PROGRAM AUTHORIZED.
SEC. 5203. APPLICATIONS.
SEC. 5204. ADMINISTRATION.
SEC. 5205. NATIONAL ACTIVITIES.
SEC. 5206. FEDERAL FORMULA ALLOCATION DURING FIRST YEAR AND FOR SUCCESSIVE ENROLLMENT EXPANSIONS.
SEC. 5207. SOLICITATION OF INPUT FROM CHARTER SCHOOL OPERATORS.
SEC. 5208. RECORDS TRANSFER.
SEC. 5209. PAPERWORK REDUCTION.
SEC. 5210. DEFINITIONS.
SEC. 5211. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.
Subpart 2 — Credit Enhancement Initiatives To Assist Charter School Facility Acquisition, Construction, and Renovation