Title I and Charter Schools

What is Title I? It’s part of the federal government’s entry to the school in your neighborhood. It actually refers to a portion of  the Elementary and Secondary Education Act, a law that was first enacted in 1965 during the Great Society’s “War on Poverty.” Since then it has been rewritten several times, mostly recently in 2002, under the name you’ve probably heard of: No Child Left Behind. There are actually 10 titles within NCLB. Here’s a very brief review of the law, which you can find on the website of the U.S. Department of Education. .

Very high overview of NCLB

NCLB, printed out as an Adobe Acrobat file, is 670 pages. Here’s a very high overview.

Pages 1 to 15: The preliminaries

  • Section 1: The short title of this law is “No Child Left Behind.” That’s ALL that is in section 1.
  • Section 2: This contains the table of contents, and it’s printed on pages 1 and 2.
  • Section 3, “References”: This single paragraph makes it clear that the law will spend a lot of tlaking about the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) of 1965.
  • Section 4, “Transitions,” is made up of 3 paragraphs that talk about money and the change from the previous edition of the ESEA.
  • Section 5, Effective date: 4 paragraphs, describing the effective dates of various portions of the law.
  • Section 6 contains a much more extensive table of contents than what is given in section 2. It runs for 12 pages, and takes us to page 15.

Pages 15 to 670: The substance

There are 10 “Titles” in the law, though not all are equally important. To take one simple measurement, Title I runs for 181 pages while Title 9 is only 9 pages.

  • Title 1: This is the heart of the law, and source of so much grief for school districts. It’s the part about testing, “Adequate Yearly Progress,” annual testing, achievement gaps, and so forth. It starts on page 15.
  • Title 2: This is about money and programs for recruiting teachers and principals. It starts on page 196.
  • Title 3: Title 3 concerns money for bilingual education and schooling for students who don’t speak English as a native language. It starts on page 265.
  • Title 4: This title addresses  school safety,  drugs in schools, and “21st Century Schools.” It starts on page 310.
  • Title 5:  Title 5 contains directions about how schools that fail to meet academic targets are supposed to allow some parental choice (such as it is). It starts on page 352.
  • Title 6: Deals with money for federally required tests, drug-free schools, and educational technology. It is called “Flexibility and accountability,” and starts on page 449.
  • Title 7: Title 7 allocates funding for the education for American Indian, Native Hawaiians, and Native Alaskans. This section starts on page 483.
  • Title 8: The subject of this section is federal impact aid, largely, money for districts with many children of military personnel. It starts on page 523.
  • Title 9: “General provisions”  deal largely with social questions such as prayer in school and access to schools by the Boy Scouts of America and military recruiters. It starts on page 532.
  • Title 10: Deals with corrections and changes to other, related programs. This starts on page 562.

NCLB and Charter Schools

Title V of NCLB, “Promoting Informed Parental Choice and Innovative Programs,” addresses magnet schools and charter schools. Below I’ve included the parts on charter schools, and have put in red bold  some of the more interesting text.
PART B—PUBLIC CHARTER SCHOOLS
Subpart 1—Charter School Programs

SEC. 5201. PURPOSE.

It is the purpose of this subpart to increase national understanding of the charter schools model by—
(1) providing financial assistance for the planning, program design, and initial implementation of charter schools;
(2) evaluating the effects of such schools, including the effects on students, student academic achievement, staff, and parents;
(3) expanding the number of high-quality charter schools available to students across the Nation; and
(4) encouraging the States to provide support to charter schools for facilities financing in an amount more nearly commensurate to the amount the States have typically provided for traditional public schools.

SEC. 5202. PROGRAM AUTHORIZED.

(a) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary may award grants to State educational agencies [example: Kansas State Department of Education — ed.] having applications approved pursuant to section 5203 to enable such agencies to conduct a charter school grant program in accordance with this subpart.
(b) SPECIAL RULE.—If a State educational agency elects not to participate in the program authorized by this subpart or does not have an application approved under section 5203, the Secretary may award a grant to an eligible applicant that serves such State and has an application approved pursuant to section 5203(c).
(c) PROGRAM PERIODS.—
(1) GRANTS TO STATES.—Grants awarded to State educational agencies under this subpart shall be for a period of not more than 3 years.
(2) GRANTS TO ELIGIBLE APPLICANTS.—Grants awarded by the Secretary to eligible applicants or subgrants awarded by State educational agencies to eligible applicants under this subpart shall be for a period of not more than 3 years, of which the eligible applicant may use—
(A) not more than 18 months for planning and program design;
(B) not more than 2 years for the initial implementation of a charter school; and
(C) not more than 2 years to carry out dissemination activities described in section 5204(f)(6)(B).
(d) LIMITATION.—A charter school may not receive—
(1) more than one grant for activities described in subparagraphs (A) and (B) of subsection (c)(2); or
(2) more than one grant for activities under subparagraph (C) of subsection (c)(2).
(e) PRIORITY TREATMENT.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—In awarding grants under this subpart for fiscal year 2002 or any succeeding fiscal year from any funds appropriated under section 5211 (other than funds reserved to carry out section 5205(b)), the Secretary shall give priority to States to the extent that the States meet the criteria described in paragraph (2) and one or more of the criteria described in subparagraph (A), (B), or (C) of paragraph (3).
(2) REVIEW AND EVALUATION PRIORITY CRITERIA.—The criteria referred to in paragraph (1) are that the State provides for periodic review and evaluation by the authorized public chartering agency of each charter school, at least once every 5 years unless required more frequently by State law, to determine whether the charter school is meeting the terms of the school’s charter, and is meeting or exceeding the student academic achievement requirements and goals for charter schools as set forth under State law or the school’s charter.
(3) PRIORITY CRITERIA.—The criteria referred to in paragraph (1) are the following:
(A) The State has demonstrated progress, in increasing the number of high-quality charter schools that are held accountable in the terms of the schools’ charters for meeting clear and measurable objectives for the educational progress of the students attending the schools, in the period prior to the period for which a State educational agency or eligible applicant applies for a grant under this subpart.
(B) The State—
(i) provides for one authorized public chartering agency that is not a local educational agency, such as a State chartering board, for each individual or entity seeking to operate a charter school pursuant to such State law; or [a “local educational agency,” or LEA, is most commonly known as a school district, though in some states–not Kansas–a charter school can be its own LEA. — ed.]
(ii) in the case of a State in which local educational agencies are the only authorized public chartering agencies, allows for an appeals process for the denial of an application for a charter school.
(C) The State ensures that each charter school has a high degree of autonomy over the charter school’s budgets and expenditures.
(f) AMOUNT CRITERIA.—In determining the amount of a grant to be awarded under this subpart to a State educational agency, the Secretary shall take into consideration the number of charter schools that are operating, or are approved to open, in the State.

SEC. 5203. APPLICATIONS.

(a) APPLICATIONS FROM STATE AGENCIES.—Each State educational agency desiring a grant from the Secretary under this subpart shall submit to the Secretary an application at such time, in such manner, and containing or accompanied by such information as the Secretary may require.
(b) CONTENTS OF A STATE EDUCATIONAL AGENCY APPLICATION.—
Each application submitted pursuant to subsection (a) shall—
(1) describe the objectives of the State educational agency’s charter school grant program and a description of how such objectives will be fulfilled, including steps taken by the State educational agency to inform teachers, parents, and communities of the State educational agency’s charter school grant program; and
(2) describe how the State educational agency—
(A) will inform each charter school in the State regarding—
(i) Federal funds that the charter school is eligible to receive; and
(ii) Federal programs in which the charter school may participate;
(B) will ensure that each charter school in the State receives the charter school’s commensurate share of Federal education funds that are allocated by formula each year, including during the first year of operation of the charter school; and
(C) will disseminate best or promising practices of charter schools to each local educational agency in the State; and
(3) contain assurances that the State educational agency will require each eligible applicant desiring to receive a subgrant to submit an application to the State educational agency containing— [a “subgrant” is money that the state’s department of education passes along from the U.S. government to a charter school]
(A) a description of the educational program to be implemented by the proposed charter school, including—
(i) how the program will enable all students to meet challenging State student academic achievement standards;
(ii) the grade levels or ages of children to be served; and
(iii) the curriculum and instructional practices to be used;
(B) a description of how the charter school will be managed;
(C) a description of—
(i) the objectives of the charter school; and
(ii) the methods by which the charter school will determine its progress toward achieving those objectives;
(D) a description of the administrative relationship between the charter school and the authorized public chartering agency;
(E) a description of how parents and other members of the community will be involved in the planning, program design, and implementation of the charter school;
(F) a description of how the authorized public chartering agency will provide for continued operation of the school once the Federal grant has expired, if such agency determines that the school has met the objectives described in subparagraph (C)(i); [that is, the federal grant is not meant to set up a temporary program — ed.]
(G) a request and justification for waivers of any Federal statutory or regulatory provisions that the eligible applicant believes are necessary for the successful operation of the charter school, and a description of any State or local rules, generally applicable to public schools, that will be waived for, or otherwise not apply to, the school;
(H) a description of how the subgrant funds or grant funds, as appropriate, will be used, including a description of how such funds will be used in conjunction with other Federal programs administered by the Secretary;
(I) a description of how students in the community will be—
(i) informed about the charter school; and
(ii) given an equal opportunity to attend the charter school;
(J) an assurance that the eligible applicant will annually provide the Secretary and the State educational agency such information as may be required to determine if the charter school is making satisfactory progress toward achieving the objectives described in subparagraph (C)(i);
(K) an assurance that the eligible applicant will cooperate with the Secretary and the State educational agency in evaluating the program assisted under this subpart;
(L) a description of how a charter school that is considered a local educational agency under State law, or a local educational agency in which a charter school is located, will comply with sections 613(a)(5) and 613(e)(1)(B) of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act;
(M) if the eligible applicant desires to use subgrant funds for dissemination activities under section 5202(c)(2)(C), a description of those activities and how those activities will involve charter schools and other public schools, local educational agencies, developers, and potential developers; and
(N) such other information and assurances as the Secretary and the State educational agency may require.
(c) ELIGIBLE APPLICANT APPLICATION.—Each eligible applicant desiring a grant pursuant to section 5202(b) shall submit an application to the Secretary at such time, in such manner, and accompanied by such information as the Secretary may reasonably require.
(d) CONTENTS OF ELIGIBLE APPLICANT APPLICATION.—Each application submitted pursuant to subsection (c) shall contain—
(1) the information and assurances described in subparagraphs (A) through (N) of subsection (b)(3), except that for purposes of this subsection subparagraphs (J), (K), and (N) of such subsection shall be applied by striking ‘and the State educational agency’ each place such term appears;
(2) assurances that the State educational agency—
(A) will grant, or will obtain, waivers of State statutory or regulatory requirements; and
(B) will assist each subgrantee in the State in receiving a waiver under section 5204(e); and
(3) assurances that the eligible applicant has provided its authorized public chartering authority timely notice, and a copy, of the application, except that the State educational agency (or the Secretary, in the case of an application submitted to the Secretary) may waive the requirement of this paragraph in the case of an application for a precharter planning grant or subgrant if the authorized public chartering authority to which a charter school proposal will be submitted has not been determined at the time the grant or subgrant application is submitted.

SEC. 5204. ADMINISTRATION.

(a) SELECTION CRITERIA FOR STATE EDUCATIONAL AGENCIES.— [in other words, what about state law and government will the U.S. Department of Education look down on most favorably? — ed.]
The Secretary shall award grants to State educational agencies under this subpart on the basis of the quality of the applications submitted under section 5203(b), after taking into consideration such factors as—
(1) the contribution that the charter schools grant program will make to assisting educationally disadvantaged and other students in meeting State academic content standards and State student academic achievement standards;
(2) the degree of flexibility afforded by the State educational agency to charter schools under the State’s charter schools law;
(3) the ambitiousness of the objectives for the State charter school grant program;
(4) the quality of the strategy for assessing achievement of those objectives;
(5) the likelihood that the charter school grant program will meet those objectives and improve educational results for students;
(6) the number of high-quality charter schools created under this subpart in the State; and
(7) in the case of State educational agencies that propose to use grant funds to support dissemination activities under subsection (f)(6)(B), the quality of those activities and the likelihood that those activities will improve student academic achievement.
(b) SELECTION CRITERIA FOR ELIGIBLE APPLICANTS.—The Secretary shall award grants to eligible applicants under this subpart on the basis of the quality of the applications submitted under section 5203(c), after taking into consideration such factors as—
(1) the quality of the proposed curriculum and instructional practices;
(2) the degree of flexibility afforded by the State educational agency and, if applicable, the local educational agency to the charter school;
(3) the extent of community support for the application;
(4) the ambitiousness of the objectives for the charter school;
(5) the quality of the strategy for assessing achievement of those objectives;
(6) the likelihood that the charter school will meet those objectives and improve educational results for students; and
(7) in the case of an eligible applicant that proposes to use grant funds to support dissemination activities under subsection (f)(6)(B), the quality of those activities and the likelihood that those activities will improve student achievement.
(c) PEER REVIEW.—The Secretary, and each State educational agency receiving a grant under this subpart, shall use a peer review process to review applications for assistance under this subpart.
(d) DIVERSITY OF PROJECTS.—The Secretary and each State educational agency receiving a grant under this subpart, shall award grants and subgrants under this subpart in a manner that, to the extent possible, ensures that such grants and subgrants—
(1) are distributed throughout different areas of the Nation and each State, including urban and rural areas; and
(2) will assist charter schools representing a variety of educational approaches, such as approaches designed to reduce school size.
(e) WAIVERS.—The Secretary may waive any statutory or regulatory requirement over which the Secretary exercises administrative authority except any such requirement relating to the elements of a charter school described in section 5210(1), if—
(1) the waiver is requested in an approved application under this subpart; and
(2) the Secretary determines that granting such a waiver will promote the purpose of this subpart.
(f) USE OF FUNDS.—
(1) STATE EDUCATIONAL AGENCIES.—Each State educational agency receiving a grant under this subpart shall use such grant funds to award subgrants to one or more eligible applicants in the State to enable such applicant to plan and implement a charter school in accordance with this subpart, except that the State educational agency may reserve not more than 10 percent of the grant funds to support dissemination activities described in paragraph (6).
(2) ELIGIBLE APPLICANTS.—Each eligible applicant receiving funds from the Secretary or a State educational agency shall use such funds to plan and implement a charter school, or to disseminate information about the charter school and successful practices in the charter school, in accordance with this subpart.
(3) ALLOWABLE ACTIVITIES.—An eligible applicant receiving a grant or subgrant under this subpart may use the grant or subgrant funds only for—
(A) post-award planning and design of the educational program, which may include— [what charter schools can use the federal grant for. Notice that the funds are meant for temporary purposes — ed.]
(i) refinement of the desired educational results and of the methods for measuring progress toward achieving those results; and
(ii) professional development of teachers and other staff who will work in the charter school; and
(B) initial implementation of the charter school, which may include—
(i) informing the community about the school;
(ii) acquiring necessary equipment and educational materials and supplies;
(iii) acquiring or developing curriculum materials; and
(iv) other initial operational costs that cannot be met from State or local sources.
(4) ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES.—
(A) STATE EDUCATIONAL AGENCY ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES.—Each State educational agency receiving a grant pursuant to this subpart may reserve not more than 5 percent of such grant funds for administrative expenses associated with the charter school grant program assisted under this subpart.
(B) LOCAL ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES.—A local educational agency may not deduct funds for administrative fees or expenses from a subgrant awarded to an eligible applicant, unless the eligible applicant enters voluntarily into a mutually agreed upon arrangement for administrative services with the relevant local educational agency. Absent such approval, the local educational agency shall distribute all such subgrant funds to the eligible applicant without delay.
(5) REVOLVING LOAN FUNDS.—Each State educational agency receiving a grant pursuant to this subpart may reserve not more than 10 percent of the grant funds for the establishment of a revolving loan fund. Such fund may be used to make loans to eligible applicants that have received a subgrant under this subpart, under such terms as may be determined by the State educational agency, for the initial operation of the charter school grant program of the eligible applicant until such time as the recipient begins receiving ongoing operational support from State or local financing sources.
(6) DISSEMINATION.—
(A) IN GENERAL.—A charter school may apply for funds under this subpart, whether or not the charter school has applied for or received funds under this subpart for planning, program design, or implementation, to carry out the activities described in subparagraph (B) if the charter school has been in operation for at least 3 consecutive years and has demonstrated overall success, including—
(i) substantial progress in improving student academic achievement;
(ii) high levels of parent satisfaction; and
(iii) the management and leadership necessary to overcome initial start-up problems and establish a thriving, financially viable charter school.
(B) ACTIVITIES.—A charter school described in subparagraph (A) may use funds reserved under paragraph (1) to assist other schools in adapting the charter school’s program (or certain aspects of the charter school’s program), or to disseminate information about the charter school, through such activities as—
(i) assisting other individuals with the planning and start-up of one or more new public schools, including charter schools, that are independent of the assisting charter school and the assisting charter school’s developers, and that agree to be held to at least as high a level of accountability as the assisting charter school;
(ii) developing partnerships with other public schools, including charter schools, designed to improve student academic achievement in each of the schools participating in the partnership;
(iii) developing curriculum materials, assessments, and other materials that promote increased student achievement and are based on successful practices within the assisting charter school; and
(iv) conducting evaluations and developing materials that document the successful practices of the assisting charter school and that are designed to improve student performance in other schools.
(g) TRIBALLY CONTROLLED SCHOOLS.—Each State that receives a grant under this subpart and designates a tribally controlled school as a charter school shall not consider payments to a school under the Tribally Controlled Schools Act of 1988 (25 U.S.C. 2507) in determining—
(1) the eligibility of the school to receive any other Federal, State, or local aid; or
(2) the amount of such aid.

SEC. 5205. NATIONAL ACTIVITIES.

(a) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary shall reserve for each fiscal year the greater of 5 percent or $5,000,000 of the amount appropriated to carry out this subpart, except that in no fiscal year shall the total amount so reserved exceed $8,000,000, to carry out the following activities:
(1) To provide charter schools, either directly or through State educational agencies, with—
(A) information regarding—
(i) Federal funds that charter schools are eligible to receive; and
(ii) other Federal programs in which charter schools may participate; and
(B) assistance in applying for Federal education funds that are allocated by formula, including assistance with filing deadlines and submission of applications.
(2) To provide for other evaluations or studies that include the evaluation of the impact of charter schools on student academic achievement, including information regarding—
(A) students attending charter schools reported on the basis of race, age, disability, gender, limited English proficiency, and previous enrollment in public school; and
(B) the professional qualifications of teachers within a charter school and the turnover of the teaching force.
(3) To provide—
(A) information to applicants for assistance under this subpart;
(B) assistance to applicants for assistance under this subpart with the preparation of applications under section 5203;
(C) assistance in the planning and startup of charter schools;
(D) training and technical assistance to existing charter schools; and
(E) for the dissemination to other public schools of best or promising practices in charter schools.
(4) To provide (including through the use of one or more contracts that use a competitive bidding process) for the collection of information regarding the financial resources available to charter schools, including access to private capital, and to widely disseminate to charter schools any such relevant information and model descriptions of successful programs.
(5) To carry out evaluations of, technical assistance for, and information dissemination regarding, the per-pupil facilities aid programs. In carrying out the evaluations, the Secretary may carry out one or more evaluations of State programs assisted under this subsection, which shall, at a minimum, address—
(A) how, and the extent to which, the programs promote educational equity and excellence; and
(B) the extent to which charter schools supported through the programs are—
(i) held accountable to the public;
(ii) effective in improving public education; and
(iii) open and accessible to all students.
(b) PER-PUPIL FACILITIES AID PROGRAMS.—
(1) DEFINITION OF PER-PUPIL FACILITIES AID PROGRAM.—
In this subsection, the term ‘per-pupil facilities aid program’ means a program in which a State makes payments, on a per-pupil basis, to charter schools to provide the schools with financing—
(A) that is dedicated solely for funding charter school facilities; or
(B) a portion of which is dedicated for funding charter school facilities.
(2) GRANTS.—
(A) IN GENERAL.—From the amount made available to carry out this subsection under paragraphs (2) and (3)(B)
of section 5211(b) for any fiscal year, the Secretary shall make grants, on a competitive basis, to States to pay for the Federal share of the cost of establishing or enhancing, and administering per-pupil facilities aid programs.
(B) PERIOD.—The Secretary shall award grants under this subsection for periods of not more than 5 years.
(C) FEDERAL SHARE.—The Federal share of the cost described in subparagraph (A) for a per-pupil facilities aid program shall be not more than—
(i) 90 percent of the cost, for the first fiscal year for which the program receives assistance under this subsection;
(ii) 80 percent in the second such year;
(iii) 60 percent in the third such year;
(iv) 40 percent in the fourth such year; and
(v) 20 percent in the fifth such year.
(3) USE OF FUNDS.—
(A) IN GENERAL.—A State that receives a grant under this subsection shall use the funds made available through the grant to establish or enhance, and administer, a per-pupil facilities aid program for charter schools in the State.
(B) EVALUATIONS; TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE; DISSEMINATION.—
From the amount made available to a State through a grant under this subsection for a fiscal year, the State may reserve not more than 5 percent to carry out evaluations, to provide technical assistance, and to disseminate information.
(C) SUPPLEMENT, NOT SUPPLANT.—Funds made available under this subsection shall be used to supplement, and not supplant, State and local public funds expended to provide per pupil facilities aid programs, operations financing programs, or other programs, for charter schools.
(4) REQUIREMENTS.—
(A) VOLUNTARY PARTICIPATION.—No State may be required to participate in a program carried out under this subsection.
(B) STATE LAW.—To be eligible to receive a grant under this subsection, a State shall establish or enhance, and administer, a per-pupil facilities aid program for charter schools in the State, that—
(i) is specified in State law; and
(ii) provides annual financing, on a per-pupil basis, for charter school facilities.
(5) APPLICATIONS.—To be eligible to receive a grant under this subsection, a State shall submit an application to the Secretary at such time, in such manner, and containing such information as the Secretary may require.
(6) PRIORITIES.—In making grants under this subsection, the Secretary shall give priority to States that meet the criteria described in paragraph (2), and subparagraphs (A), (B), and (C) of paragraph (3), of section 5202(e).
(c) RULE OF CONSTRUCTION.—Nothing in this section shall be construed to require charter schools to collect any data described in subsection (a).

SEC. 5206. FEDERAL FORMULA ALLOCATION DURING FIRST YEAR AND FOR SUCCESSIVE ENROLLMENT EXPANSIONS.

(a) IN GENERAL.—For purposes of the allocation to schools by the States or their agencies of funds under part A of title I, and any other Federal funds which the Secretary allocates to States on a formula basis, the Secretary and each State educational agency shall take such measures as are necessary to ensure that every charter school receives the Federal funding for which the charter school is eligible not later than 5 months after the charter school first opens, notwithstanding the fact that the identity and characteristics of the students enrolling in that charter school are not fully and completely determined until that charter school actually opens. The measures similarly shall ensure that every charter school expanding its enrollment in any subsequent year of operation receives the Federal funding for which the charter school is eligible not later than 5 months after such expansion.
(b) ADJUSTMENT AND LATE OPENINGS.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—The measures described in subsection (a) shall include provision for appropriate adjustments, through recovery of funds or reduction of payments for the succeeding year, in cases where payments made to a charter school on the basis of estimated or projected enrollment data exceed the amounts that the school is eligible to receive on the basis of actual or final enrollment data.
(2) RULE.—For charter schools that first open after November 1 of any academic year, the State, in accordance with guidance provided by the Secretary and applicable Federal statutes and regulations, shall ensure that such charter schools that are eligible for the funds described in subsection (a) for such academic year have a full and fair opportunity to receive those funds during the charter schools’ first year of operation.

SEC. 5207. SOLICITATION OF INPUT FROM CHARTER SCHOOL OPERATORS.

To the extent practicable, the Secretary shall ensure that administrators, teachers, and other individuals directly involved in the operation of charter schools are consulted in the development of any rules or regulations required to implement this subpart, as well as in the development of any rules or regulations relevant to charter schools that are required to implement part A of title I, the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, or any other program administered by the Secretary that provides education funds to charter schools or regulates the activities of charter schools.

SEC. 5208. RECORDS TRANSFER.

State educational agencies and local educational agencies, to the extent practicable, shall ensure that a student’s records and, if applicable, a student’s individualized education program as defined in section 602(11) of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, are transferred to a charter school upon the transfer of the student to the charter school, and to another public school upon the transfer of the student from a charter school to another public school, in accordance with applicable State law.

SEC. 5209. PAPERWORK REDUCTION.

To the extent practicable, the Secretary and each authorized public chartering agency shall ensure that implementation of this subpart results in a minimum of paperwork for any eligible applicant or charter school.

SEC. 5210. DEFINITIONS.

In this subpart:
(1) CHARTER SCHOOL.—The term ‘charter school’ means a public school that—
(A) in accordance with a specific State statute authorizing the granting of charters to schools, is exempt from significant State or local rules that inhibit the flexible operation and management of public schools, but not from any rules relating to the other requirements of this paragraph;
(B) is created by a developer as a public school, or is adapted by a developer from an existing public school, and is operated under public supervision and direction;
(C) operates in pursuit of a specific set of educational objectives determined by the school’s developer and agreed to by the authorized public chartering agency;
(D) provides a program of elementary or secondary education, or both;
(E) is nonsectarian in its programs, admissions policies, employment practices, and all other operations, and is not affiliated with a sectarian school or religious institution;
(F) does not charge tuition;
(G) complies with the Age Discrimination Act of 1975, title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, and part B of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act;
(H) is a school to which parents choose to send their children, and that admits students on the basis of a lottery,  if more students apply for admission than can be accommodated;
(I) agrees to comply with the same Federal and State audit requirements as do other elementary schools and secondary schools in the State, unless such requirements are specifically waived for the purpose of this program;
(J) meets all applicable Federal, State, and local health and safety requirements;
(K) operates in accordance with State law; and
(L) has a written performance contract with the authorized public chartering agency in the State that includes a description of how student performance will be measured in charter schools pursuant to State assessments that are required of other schools and pursuant to any other assessments mutually agreeable to the authorized public chartering agency and the charter school.
(2) DEVELOPER.—The term ‘developer’ means an individual or group of individuals (including a public or private nonprofit organization), which may include teachers, administrators and other school staff, parents, or other members of the local community in which a charter school project will be carried out.
(3) ELIGIBLE APPLICANT.—The term ‘eligible applicant’ means a developer that has—
(A) applied to an authorized public chartering authority to operate a charter school; and
(B) provided adequate and timely notice to that authority under section 5203(d)(3).
(4) AUTHORIZED PUBLIC CHARTERING AGENCY.—The term ‘authorized public chartering agency’ means a State educational agency, local educational agency, or other public entity that has the authority pursuant to State law and approved by the Secretary to authorize or approve a charter school.

SEC. 5211. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

(a) IN GENERAL.—There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this subpart $300,000,000 for fiscal year 2002 and such sums as may be necessary for each of the 5 succeeding fiscal years.
(b) RESERVATION.—From the amount appropriated under subsection (a) for each fiscal year, the Secretary shall reserve—
(1) $200,000,000 to carry out this subpart, other than section 5205(b); and
(2) any funds in excess of $200,000,000, that do not exceed $300,000,000, to carry out section 5205(b); and
(3)(A) 50 percent of any funds in excess of $300,000,000 to carry out this subpart, other than section 5205(b); and
(B) 50 percent of any funds in excess of $300,000,000 to carry out section 5205(b).

Subpart 2 — Credit Enhancement Initiatives To Assist Charter School Facility Acquisition, Construction, and Renovation

SEC. 5221. PURPOSE.

The purpose of this subpart is to provide grants to eligible entities to permit the eligible entities to demonstrate innovative credit enhancement initiatives that assist charter schools to address the cost of acquiring, onstructing, and renovating facilities.
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